As part of the research for our new learning platform, Neve, we recently ran user interviews and testing with people who have ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). We asked the group about their negative and positive learning experiences to help us understand what makes learning easier or more difficult for them.
Here's what we learned.
Instructions need to be concise and straightforward.
"If I don't know how many tasks there are going to be and how long they're going take, I might find it stressful."
Some people with ADHD struggle with planning and organising. Be clear about what is expected, how long it will take, the number of tasks involved, and the materials that will be used. This allows the person to focus on the activity itself without having to put extra effort into understanding how the activity works.
Paying attention can sometimes be challenging.
"I get distracted fairly regularly... I could literally have something on in front of me, but my mind would be a million miles away.”
Many people with ADHD struggle to focus for a long period of time. They would rather learn at their own pace with plenty of time for breaks.
It helps to present material in different formats.
"I like the transcription alongside the video. I find I can retain more when I can read the script and watch the video.”
Pure text-based learning can be difficult for people with ADHD. Offering the same material in multiple formats such as video, audio, text, and through an activity, allows individuals to choose the options that best fit their way of learning. Repetition of the material also helps people better retain what they have learned.
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